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Friday, April 24, 2020 | History

2 edition of On the space-time ocean current variability and its effects on the length-of-day. found in the catalog.

On the space-time ocean current variability and its effects on the length-of-day.

Nikolaos Theodoros Christou

On the space-time ocean current variability and its effects on the length-of-day.

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Published by Dept. of Surveying Engineering, University of New Brunswick in Fredericton, N.B .
Written in English


Edition Notes

SeriesTechnical report / Dept. of Surveying Engineering, University of New Brunswick -- no.148
ContributionsUniversity of New Brunswick. Department of Surveying Engineering.
The Physical Object
Pagination332p. ;
Number of Pages332
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13792494M

When the Moon is directly between the Sun and Earth, a _____ tide will occur along a shoreline that is facing the Moon. - Random Field Models in Earth Sciences - Ebook written by George Christakos. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Random Field Models in Earth Sciences.   Among its achievements we can count (Steven Varner): – The birth of oceanography as an independent scientific field. – The first systematic plot of currents and temperatures in the ocean. – A map of bottom deposits that has not been changed much by more recent studies. – An outline of the main contours of the ocean basins. How climate variability affects the produc-tivity and distribution of cod stocks North Atlantic Ocean PICES-GLOBEC Climate Change and Carrying Capacity (CCCC) Climate change and variability effects on physical conditions and ecosystem structure and function in the North Pacific and its adjacent marginal seas North Pacific Ocean andCited by: 1.


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On the space-time ocean current variability and its effects on the length-of-day. by Nikolaos Theodoros Christou Download PDF EPUB FB2

Winds, water density, and tides all drive ocean currents. Coastal and sea floor features influence their location, direction, and speed. Earth’s rotation results in the Coriolis Effect which also influences ocean currents. Similar to a person trying to walk in a straight line across a spinning merry-go-round, winds and ocean waters get deflected On the space-time ocean current variability and its effects on the length-of-day.

book a straight line path as they travel. On Space-Time Ocean Current Variability and its Effects on the Length-of-Day (Issued as Technical Report ) ; OWOLABI, Karim: Simultaneous Distributional and Model Robustness in Bundle Adjustment: SANTERRE, Rock: Impact of GPS Satellite Sky Distribution (Issued as Technical Report ) SHIH, Peter Tian-Yuan.

Christou, N.T.:‘On the Space-Time Ocean Current Variability and its Effects on the Length-of-Day’, Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Surveying Engineering Technical Report No.University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada, pp.

Google ScholarCited by: Drought monitoring is crucial to water resource management and strategic planning. Thus, the objective of this study is to identify the space-time variability of hydrological drought across the broad arid region of northwestern China.

Seven distributions were applied to fitting monthly streamflow records of 16 gauging stations from 10 by: 1. Effects of El Niño Southern Oscillation on the space–time variability of Agricultural Reference Index for Drought in midlatitudes Article in Agricultural and Forest Meteorology Satellite ocean color images were used to determine the space-time variability of the Amazon River plume from – The relationship between sea-surface salinity (SSS) and the Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) absorption coefficient for dissolved and detrital material (a dg) (r 2 =, n =30, rmse=) was used to identify the Amazon River plume low-salinity waters (Cited by: MERLE (Eds.) () Physical Oceanography of the Tropical Atlantic, GATE (prepared by V.

Lee), University of Miami, Miami, Florida. GARRETT C. and W. MUNK () Space-time scales of internal waves. Geophysical Research, 80, 3ournal GOULD W and E. SAMBUCO () The effect of mooring type on measured values of ocean by: 7.

Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology publishes original research articles dealing with all aspects of understanding and reconstructing Earth’s past climate and environments from the Precambrian to modern analogs.

New lacustrine mineral‐magnetic records from Dahu Swamp in southern China provided a hydroclimatic reconstruction over the past. The importance of the diurnal variability of sea surface temperature (SST) on air-sea interaction is now being increasingly recognized.

This review synthesizes knowledge of the diurnal SST variation, mainly paying attention to its impact on the atmosphere or the ocean.

Diurnal SST warming becomes evident when the surface wind is weak and insolation is by: the height of a point on the Earth's surface; the height above the Earth's surface. in July, the thermal equator. trends poleward over continents and equatorward over the oceans.

if there is a steeper pressure gradient, wind will be *blank than areas with a gradual pressure gradient. ISBN ). This book presents the results of curren fieldt remot, e sensing an, d modeling stud - ies of sea ice in different regions of the Southern Ocean and provide as n overview of the nature of Antarctic sea ice, its role in atmospheric and oceanographic pro-cesses, and its impact on the global environment.

This. where and are the estimates of the daily voluntary bear displacements in the u- and v-directions. The number of days, n, included in the time-series will affect our estimate of d. For consistency, we set n to bethe length of the shortest time-series across the 15 by: When ocean and sea surfaces heat up sufficiently, evaporation occurs.

The warm vapor rises into the atmosphere, then cools and condenses, releasing its stored latent heat. Existing storms and tropical cyclones—which are called hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean and typhoons in the Pacific and Indian oceans—gather up the released heat, which gives them greater energy and strength.

This book describes the principal dynamic processes that control the distribution of turbulence, its dissipation of kinetic energy and its effects on the dispersion of properties such as heat, salinity, and dissolved or suspended matter in the deep ocean, the shallow coastal and the continental shelf : S.

Thorpe. Tropical Indian Ocean is warming at a faster rate compared to other tropical oceans. The warming trends show a basin-scale surface warming with peak warming in the central equatorial Indian Ocean.

This warming is favourable for weakening the monsoon Hadley circulation and strengthening the trade winds in the Pacific. On the Space-time Ocean Current Variability and its Effects on the Length-of-Day Department of Surveying Engineering, Technical Report NoUniversity of Title: Independent Information.

One current theory of aging holds that, as the cells of a person's body start to hit this telomere-imposed limit, the lack of fresh, new cells causes the typical signs of aging: wrinkled skin, failing organs, weaker immune system, etc. Whether or not telomere loss actually causes aging.

In an earlier paper, Stammer and Wunsch (, hereinafter SW99) investigated temporal changes in the kinetic energy associated with variability over the global ocean using 4 yr of altimetric authors hypothesized 1) that parts of the observed variations in the flow field are caused by changes in direct wind forcing, especially in high latitudes, and 2) that an indirect nonlocal Cited by: By using a multi-river mixed-effects model we estimated the effects of oceanic and river conditions, as well as human impacts, on year-to-year and between-river variability across 60 time series of recreational catch of one-sea-winter salmon (grilse) from Norwegian rivers over 29 years (–).Cited by: 4.

Effects of Physical Processes on the Physiological Response of Individuals 5. Primary Production in Tidally Dominated Regimes 6. Conclusions References 1. Introduction What we know of the ocean and, to a large extent, the questions we ask about it are the result of continual evolution of the observational tools available.

In physical. Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook. If you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a PDF. Visit to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF. The Ocean is essential to life on Earth.

Most of Earth's water is stored in the ocean. Although 40 percent of Earth's population lives within, or near coastal regions- the ocean impacts people. a The global energy and water cycle (modified from Trenberth et al. ) and its alternative distributions: b in sea and land (modified from Hartmannwith values according to Trenberth et al.

) and c in latitude (modified from Hartmannwhich was based on Baumgartner and Reichel ; originally much older, at latest up to Meinardus’ analysis published in ; see Cited by: An Illustration of the Effect of Climate Change on the Ocean Wave Climate - A Stochastic Model 3 2.

Description of location The scope of this study is restricted to consider an area in the North Atlantic ocean, i.e. the ocean area between 51 north and 12 west (or. The ocean and sea ice fluctuations associated with the SAM constitute a significant fraction of simulated ocean variability poleward of 30degreesS year-round.

The robustness of the mechanisms relating the SAM to oceanic variability suggests that the SAM is likely an important source of large-scale variability in the real Southern Hemisphere ocean. waves contribution to length of day during ENSO in –, in IERS Technical Note The Impact of El Nino and Other Low-Frequency Signals on Earth Rotation and Global Earth System Parameters, edited by D.

Salstein, B. Kolaczek, and D. Gambis. A global warming hiatus, also sometimes referred to as a global warming pause or a global warming slowdown, is a period of relatively little change in globally averaged surface temperatures.

In the current episode of global warming many such year periods appear in the surface temperature record. GGOS to meet its objectives, it must combine the greatest measurement precision (a relative precision of parts per billion =10 − 11) with utmost consistency in space, time, and applied data modeling, and with stability spanning decades.

This is a key focus of GGOS. Godee ic t atOvions r e bs as a Fundato ion for essing As s and. "This is an interesting book to read now, but it promises to become an even more interesting book for future generations of physicists." Robert M.

Wald, Science "Over the past thirty years, Stephen Hawking and Roger Penrose have done more than anyone to further our understanding of the nature of gravitation and cosmology/5(47).

North Pacific. The two ocean basins are connected to each other only through their coupling to the common, zonally averaged atmosphere. The ocean–atmosphere coupling takes place via wind-driven torques and heat fluxes at the air–sea interface. In this formulation, the decadal variability in each ocean basin consists of ocean–.

These will have adverse effects on marine ecosystems 7. For example, in the west coast of Australia encountered sea surface temperatures that were 2–4 °C warmer than average for 10 by: 2.

The difference is that the state of the ocean is the result of past currents and mixing processes, and the effect of these can be difficult to distinguish. Measuring the ocean in motion gives us information on the strength, location and variability of currents, thereby giving us a "heads-up" on the future state of the ocean.

Warming to A Lukewarmer Scenario February 28th, by Roy W. Spencer, Ph. My previous post dealt with a 1D model of ocean temperature changes to 2,m depth, optimized to match various observed quantities: deep-ocean heat storage, surface temperature warming, the observed lagged-variations between CERES satellite radiative flux and.

Abstract: In recent years, the climate change research community has become highly interested in describing the anthropogenic influence on extreme weather events, commonly termed "event attribution." Limitations in the observational record and in computational resources motivate the use of uncoupled, atmosphere/land-only climate models with prescribed ocean conditions run over a short period Cited by: The global warming controversy concerns the public debate over whether global warming is occurring, how much has occurred in modern times, what has caused it, what its effects will be, whether any action can or should be taken to curb it, and if so what that action should be.

In the scientific literature, there is a strong consensus that global surface temperatures have increased in recent. NCAR’s press research accurately describes the paper: “Widespread loss of ocean oxygen to become noticeable in s” (although it omits a crucial detail, mentioned below).

Phil Plait at Slate turns this into agitprop: “Climate Change Is Strangling Our Oceans“. His conclusion: ““messing with {the ocean} habitat is like setting fire to your own house.

agencies, NASA and CNES, recognize the importance of WATER HM (Water And Terrestrial Elevation Recovery Hydrosphere Mapper) and are now investing resources toward its success. NASA and CNES have a rich, 20 year history of partnership in radar altimetry which will.

[/caption] The terribly destructive magnitude earthquake which struck Japan on Ma may have had another effect – Shortening the length of each Earth day and shifting its axis. For example, a fundamentally important seminal observation reported by Le Mouël, Blanter, Shnirman, & Courtillot () revealed the quasistationary 11 year solar cycle in the rate of change of length of day (LOD’), but newcomers taking a preliminary look at daily resolution LOD’ are more likely to fixate on the year lunisolar envelope.

Climate models use quantitative methods to simulate the interactions of the atmosphere, oceans, land surface and ice.

They are used for a variety of purposes; from the study of the dynamics of the weather and climate system, to projections of future climate.

All climate models balance, or very nearly balance. (C) explain how thermal energy transfer between the ocean and atmosphere drives surface currents, thermohaline currents, and evaporation that influence climate. (15) Fluid Earth. The student knows that interactions among Earth's five subsystems influence climate and resource availability, which affect Earth's habitability.Earth's rotation is the rotation of Planet Earth around its own rotates eastward, in prograde viewed from the north pole star Polaris, Earth turns counterclockwise.

The North Pole, also known as the Geographic North Pole or Terrestrial North Pole, is the point in the Northern Hemisphere where Earth's axis of rotation meets its surface.The length of day on Venus is Earth days.

Read that again, it’s not a year, but the length of a single day. In fact, a year on Venus is only days, so a day on Venus is longer than its.